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Understanding FDA and TTB Labeling Requirements for Alcoholic Beverages

April 26, 2023

If you are a beverage manufacturer, you know that having accurate, compliant labels for your products is essential. In the United States, there are different labeling regulations for alcoholic beverages depending on the Alcohol by Volume (ABV) content. This article will help you understand the labeling requirements for beverages containing alcohol and the differences between FDA and TTB labeling compliance.

FDA Labeling Requirements for Alcoholic Beverages

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) oversees the labeling of food and non-alcoholic beverages in the United States. For alcoholic beverages, the FDA’s jurisdiction extends to products with an alcohol content of less than 7% ABV. If your beverage contains less than 7% ABV, it must have an FDA-compliant nutrition label.

To ensure that your label complies with FDA regulations, it must include the following information:

  1. The statement of identity: This should clearly state the name of your product, such as “beer,” “wine,” or “malt beverage.”
  2. Net quantity of contents: Display the net contents of the product in fluid ounces or liters.
  3. Name and place of business: Include the name and address of the manufacturer, packer, or distributor.
  4. Ingredient list: List all ingredients in descending order of predominance by weight.
  5. Nutrition Facts: Provide a Nutrition Facts panel containing information on serving size, calories, and nutrients such as fat, cholesterol, sodium, carbohydrates, protein, and vitamins.

TTB Labeling Requirements for Alcoholic Beverages

For beverages with an alcohol content of 7% ABV or higher, the labeling process falls under the jurisdiction of the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB). These products require a non-FDA compliant label and must go through TTB approval. TTB labeling requirements differ from FDA regulations and may include information on alcohol content, health warning statements, and other specific requirements depending on the type of alcoholic beverage.

To ensure that your label complies with TTB regulations, it must include the following information:

  1. Brand name: Display the brand name under which the product is marketed.
  2. Class or type designation: Indicate the class or type of alcoholic beverage according to TTB regulations.
  3. Alcohol content: Express the alcohol content as a percentage of Alcohol by Volume (ABV).
  4. Net contents: Display the net contents in fluid ounces, pints, quarts, or liters.
  5. Name and address: Include the name and address of the manufacturer, bottler, or importer.
  6. Health warning statement: Add the government-mandated health warning statement for alcoholic beverages.
  7. Country of origin: For imported products, indicate the country of origin.

Understanding the labeling requirements for your alcoholic beverage is crucial for compliance with both FDA and TTB regulations. Depending on the alcohol content of your product, you will need to follow the specific guidelines for FDA-compliant nutrition labels or TTB approval. Ensuring that your labels meet these requirements can prevent costly delays and help you maintain a positive reputation in the industry.

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